A central microgrid protection system for networks with fault current limiters

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Ustun, Taha Selim, Ozansoy, Cagil and Zayegh, Aladin (2011) A central microgrid protection system for networks with fault current limiters. In: 2011 10th Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering : conference proceedings, SGM Conference Center, Rome, Italy, 8-11 May 2011. IEEE, Piscataway, N.J..

Abstract

Large deployments of Distributed Generators (DGs) have substantial impacts on the structure of existing networks. In order to tackle these issues, it has been proposed to divide the network into smaller manageable sets which can be more effectively and efficiently operated. This very concept is called the `Microgrid'. However, due to their unprecedented structure, these smaller grids experience very significant protection issues. Conventional fault current protection schemes cannot be used and should be modified due to the existence of generators at all levels of the distribution system. Furthermore, two distinct operating modes (grid connected and islanded modes) exist in microgrids causing the fault currents in a system to vary substantially. It is also a challenge to operate Inverter Interfaced DGs (IIDGs) and estimate their fault currents. Fault current limiters have thus been proposed for proper operation of DGs in a network. This paper presents a conceptual design of a microgrid protection system which makes use of current limiters in fault current estimation. It utilizes extensive communication to monitor the microgrid and update relay fault currents according to the variations in the system. The proposed system is designed so that it can respond to dynamic changes in the system such as the connection/disconnection of DGs.

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Item type Book Section
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/9492
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/EEEIC.2011.5874575
Official URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arn...
ISBN 9781424487790 (print), 9781424487820
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Historical > SEO Classification > 8998 Environmentally Sustainable Information and Communication Services
Keywords ResPubID23035, distributed power generation, fault current limiters, invertors, power distribution faults, power distribution protection, power generation faults, central microgrid protection system, fault currents, DG, distributed generation, fault response, inverters, microgrid control, relay programming, renewable energy, circuit faults, relays, topology
Citations in Scopus 52 - View on Scopus
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