Exploring factors contributing to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) guideline non-adherence and potential solutions in the emergency department: interdisciplinary staff perspective

Issac, Hancy ORCID: 0000-0003-3778-1157, Taylor, Melissa ORCID: 0000-0002-2255-3859, Moloney, Clint ORCID: 0000-0003-2520-1506 and Lea, Jackie ORCID: 0000-0003-3189-0950 (2021) Exploring factors contributing to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) guideline non-adherence and potential solutions in the emergency department: interdisciplinary staff perspective. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 14. pp. 767-785. ISSN 1178-2390

Abstract

Purpose: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a significant and prolonged impact on health-related quality of life, patient outcomes, and escalation of pulmonary function decline. COPD-X guidelines published in 2003 subsist to facilitate a shift from the emphasis on pharmacological treatment to a more holistic multi-disciplinary interventions approach. Despite the existing comprehensive recommendations, readmission rates have increased in the last decade. Evidence to date has reported sub-optimal COPD guidelines adherence in emergency departments. This qualitative study explored contributing factors to interdisciplinary staff non-adherence and utilisation of COPD-X guidelines in a major Southern Queensland Emergency Department. Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with interdisciplinary staff were conducted in an emergency department. A purposive sample of doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, pharmacist and a social worker were recruited. Interviews were digitally recorded, de-identified and transcribed verbatim. Data analysis followed a coding process against the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to examine implementation barriers and potential solutions. Identified factors affecting non-adherence and underutilisation of guidelines were then mapped to the capability, opportunity, motivation, behaviour model (COM-B) and behaviour change wheel (BCW) to inform future implementation recommendations. Results: Prominent barriers influencing the clinical uptake of COPD guidelines were identified using TDF analysis and included knowledge, professional role clarity, clinical behaviour regula-tion, memory, attention, and decision process, beliefs about departmental capabilities, environ-mental context and resources. Potential interventions included education, training, staffing, funding and time-efficient digitalised referrals and systems management reminders to prevent COPD readmissions, remissions and improve patient health-related quality of life. Conclusion: Implementation strategies such as electronic interdisciplinary COPD proforma that facilitates a multimodal approach with appropriate patient/staff resources and referrals prior to discharge from an ED require further exploration. Greater clarity around which components of the COPD X guidelines must be applied in ED settings needs to stem from future research.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/45004
DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S276702
Official URL https://www.dovepress.com/exploring-factors-contri...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4205 Nursing
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
Keywords COPD, emergency department staff, nursing perspectives, guideline nonadherence
Citations in Scopus 2 - View on Scopus
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