Modeling of the electronic structure of semiconductor nanoparticles

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Novozhilov, Vassili ORCID: 0000-0002-7152-5192, Bodneva, Valeria L, Kurmangaleev, Kairat S ORCID: 0000-0001-6140-0460, Lidskii, Boris V, Posvyanskii, Vladimir S and Trakhtenberg, Leonid I (2023) Modeling of the electronic structure of semiconductor nanoparticles. Mathematics, 11 (9). ISSN 2227-7390


This paper deals with the mathematical modeling of the electronic structure of semiconductor particles. Mathematically, the task is reduced to a joint solution of the problem of free energy minimization and the set of chemical kinetic equations describing the processes at the surface of a nanoparticle. The numerical modeling of the sensor effect is carried out in two steps. First, the number of charged oxygen atoms on the surface of the nanoparticle (Formula presented.) is determined. This value is found by solving a system of nonlinear algebraic equations, where the unknowns are the stationary points of this system describing the processes on the surface of a nanoparticle. The specific form of such equations is determined by the type of nanoparticles and the mechanism of chemical reactions on the surface. The second step is to calculate the electron density inside the nanoparticle (Formula presented.), which gives the minimum free energy. Mathematically, this second step reduces to solving a boundary value problem for a nonlinear integro-differential equation. The calculation results are compared with experimental data on the sensor effect.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/math11092214
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4904 Pure mathematics
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords mathematical modeling, nanoparticles, charge structure, semiconductors
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