Relationships between physical education students' motivational profiles, enjoyment, state anxiety, and self-reported physical activity

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Yli-piipari, Sami, Watt, Anthony P, Jaakkola, Timo, Liukkonen, Jarmo and Nurmi, Jari-Erik (2009) Relationships between physical education students' motivational profiles, enjoyment, state anxiety, and self-reported physical activity. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8. pp. 327-336. ISSN 1303-2968

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze motivational profiles based on the self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 2000) and how these profiles are related to physical education students’ enjoyment, state anxiety, and physical activity. The participants, 429 sixth grade students (girls = 216; boys = 213) completed SMS, Sport Enjoyment Scale, PESAS, and Physical Activity Scale. Cluster analyses identified two motivational profiles: 1) the “High motivation profile”, in which the students had high intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and low levels of amotivation, and 2) the “Low motivation profile”, in which the students had low intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and low levels of amotivation. The students in the first cluster enjoyed physical education more and were physically more active. The results revealed that students may be motivated towards physical education lessons both intrinsically and extrinsically, and still experience enjoyment in physical education.

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4719
Official URL http://www.jssm.org/vol8/n3/3/v8n3-3text.php
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Education
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Keywords ResPubID18906, self-determination, cluster analysis, motivation, anxiety, behavioural
Citations in Scopus 91 - View on Scopus
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