Influence of pH on Heat-Induced Changes in Skim Milk Containing Various Levels of Micellar Calcium Phosphate

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Ahmadi, Elaheh, Vasiljevic, Todor ORCID: 0000-0003-1395-7349 and Huppertz, Thom ORCID: 0000-0003-4142-9359 (2023) Influence of pH on Heat-Induced Changes in Skim Milk Containing Various Levels of Micellar Calcium Phosphate. Molecules, 28 (19). ISSN 1420-3049


The present study investigated the effect of micellar calcium phosphate (MCP) content and pH of skim milk on heat-induced changes in skim milk. Four MCP-adjusted samples, ranging from 67 to 113% of the original MCP content, were heated (90 °C for 10 min) at different pH values (6.3, 6.6, 6.9, and 7.2), followed by determining changes in particle size, turbidity, protein distribution, and structure. The results demonstrate a strong effect of MCP level and pH on heat-induced changes in milk, with the MCP67 samples revealing the greatest thermal stability. Specifically, decreasing MCP content by 33% (MCP67) led to a smaller increase in non-sedimentable κ-casein and a lower decrease in αs2-casein concentrations after heating compared to other samples. Lower MCP content resulted in a moderate rise in the average particle size and turbidity, along with lower loading of β-turn structural component after heating at low pH (pH 6.3). Notably, MCP113 exhibited instability upon heating, with increased particle size, turbidity, and a significant decrease in non-sedimentable αs2-casein concentration, along with a slight increase in non-sedimentable κ-casein concentration. The FTIR results also revealed higher loading of intermolecular β-sheet, β-turn, and random coil structures, as well as lower loading of α-helix and β-sheet structures in MCP-enhanced skim milk samples. This suggests significant changes in the secondary structure of milk protein and greater formation of larger aggregates.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/molecules28196847
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3006 Food sciences
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords heat treatment, skim milk, pH levels, calcium phosphate, pasteurization
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