Mental toughness: managerial and age differences

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Marchant, David C, Polman, Remco, Clough, Peter J, Jackson, James G, Levy, Andrew R and Nicholls, Adam R (2009) Mental toughness: managerial and age differences. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24 (5). pp. 428-437. ISSN 0268-3946 (print) 1758-7778 (online)


The purpose of this study is to investigate whether employees at various levels of managerial positions (e.g. senior, middle, and junior) exhibit different levels of mental toughness. In addition, the study seeks to explore possible effects of age on mental toughness.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1108/02683940910959753
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords ResPubID22547. management roles, UK, Britain, British
Citations in Scopus 4 - View on Scopus
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