Titania pigment particles dispersion in water-based paint films

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Farrokhpay, Saeed, Morris, Gayle E and Fornasiero, Daniel (2006) Titania pigment particles dispersion in water-based paint films. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 3 (4). pp. 275-283. ISSN 1547-0091

Abstract

The distribution of titania pigment in dry water-based paint films in the presence of polymeric dispersants containing different functional groups was investigated. The polymeric dispersants chosen were polyacrylic acid and polyacrylamide homo- and copolymers modified with hydroxyl and/or carboxylate groups. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to assess the distribution of the titania pigment particles in the surface and bulk, respectively, of the paint films, which was then compared to the gloss and surface roughness of these films. In the absence of dispersant, the pigment distribution in the paint film was not uniform and relatively large pigment aggregates appeared at the surface, resulting in a rough surface and low gloss value. All dispersants both decreased surface roughness and increased the gloss of the dry paint film, with the dispersant type considerably enhancing the pigment dispersion in the dry paint film, in agreement with results obtained in aqueous pigment suspensions. In the presence of polyacrylamide homopolymer, the paint gloss increased slightly and further increased with the hydroxyl-modified polyacrylamide copolymer. The paint gloss was highest in the presence of polyacrylic acid or carboxylate/hydroxyl-modified polyacrylamide.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/991
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-006-0023-4
Official URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11998-006-0023-4
Subjects Historical > RFCD Classification > 250000 Chemical Sciences
Keywords Titania pigment, polymeric dispersant, water-based paint, gloss, polymer functional group, dispersants, atomic force, scanning electron microscopy, pigments, drying, waterborne, physical properties
Citations in Scopus 41 - View on Scopus
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