Differences in the Motor Coordination Abilities among Adolescent Gymnasts, Swimmers, and Ice Hockey Players

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Jaakkola, T, Watt, Anthony P ORCID: 0000-0002-1084-750X and Kalaja, S (2017) Differences in the Motor Coordination Abilities among Adolescent Gymnasts, Swimmers, and Ice Hockey Players. Human Movement, 18 (1). 44 - 49. ISSN 1732-3991

Abstract

© 2017 Human Movement. Purpose. Motor coordination is proposed to be a relatively stable age-related construct, unlikely to be influenced by aligned experiential factors such as intensive sport-specific training. The purpose of the study is to investigate if there are differences in motor coordination abilities among young artistic gymnasts, swimmers, and ice hockey players. Methods. The participants of the study were 508 female and 258 male adolescents (age, M = 12.80, SD = 1.10) comprising artistic gymnasts (n = 463), swimmers (n = 70), and ice hockey players (n = 233). The KTK-test protocol was used to analyse their gross motor coordination abilities. Results. The results of the study demonstrated that gymnasts scored better than ice hockey players and swimmers in the test of walking backwards along a beam, and better than ice hockey players in total motor coordination, hopping over an obstacle, and the test of moving sideways on wooden boards. However, ice hockey players scored higher than swimmers and gymnasts in the test of jumping from side to side. Subsequently, swimmers obtained better results in the test of moving sideways on wooden boards as compared with ice hockey players. Conclusions. The study results indicate that intensive sport-specific training may extend young athletes′ motor coordination characteristics in the ability areas representative of the sport in which they engage.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/35512
DOI https://doi.org/10.1515/humo-2017-0006
Official URL https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/humo.2017.18.issu...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy
Current > Division/Research > College of Arts and Education
Keywords sports; sport-specific training; young athletes
Citations in Scopus 22 - View on Scopus
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